Brazil

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil; Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, About this soundlisten (help·info)), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Brazil borders every South American country except Chile and Ecuador. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.

Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Country
Status
LEI
Reg. Status

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300NP0FV47MI1U433

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493001QYTIDILBVYO18

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300JGCBBGQ7XSO818

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300U86NCC88TIQW81

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300ATMD587BVOVD38

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

P540I2P1137KBSXV5K84

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

QE0Q0253K88YAGNPE356

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300FC188O51GPW489

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493006HCEYKN86J9780

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493008KNBK42BZ6EI93

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493009WWUTBLMQ55S70

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300A4RTB1NIV6F668

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300BSVUWDPR117X19

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300RNYXDVHUTOHK58

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300VKJE0RU85KA894

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493006EZUY0R5PUN332

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493003PPWVT61TBCN56

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493006GU4I880D1YL84

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300XWJNRZV6LZCC50

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493007B35V8LXYN4Z78

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493008LGSSQ88ULSV30

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493002MD8Y7T328R826

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493008UB6LXMN6S5I71

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493005QSLWEO52J8338

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300T88MP34MNLBU89

LAPSED

 BR

 INACTIVE

2HPIK7QWC33SJPZ2UX47

RETIRED

 BR

 ACTIVE

54930027BC0TY8HV6K97

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493003TYWOS1RHXC621

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493004VWTHG62HOPS18

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300KDGXZCQ3XWC878

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300PYCIKXKCNNKD81

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300IQAZIWK5RVZX23

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300NG59BDKCTYBE75

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300JKA4ADMSMJF652

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

4GTK5S46E6H318LMDS44

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300WMCY9VGU2JXL96

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300HG6ZASZSRPUM35

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300RCWXJST5GNEB06

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493006DDW799LTLKC70

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493006BOR66ZCLIQG62

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300FB26OXYHXPFY07

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300Y1ZGROWF04J580

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300YCYPWMZDS57X08

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

VZ40FNVZIHSN6BLP2L39

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300ORN4RF7VBS4J17

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300XNQNCYT7OUCI42

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300TY2WYEGT7LS984

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300LDYZKK9X53P769

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300QU2CBIM6FUKO64

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493004H3V605MKTSO53

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300OQFY0LX0YQ1S31

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493001KKSPHFAMUXV58

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300HH7QGMR2N61Q04

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

54930006HCEFTHJCY070

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300F2KFOQJZRKZ512

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300NE3W7FJWE02P91

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300TXHR385G4MIP74

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300RU6YDYV7CIIP69

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493005PMU33U8QRMC94

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300YUPHV28SGZDX51

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300GJXG8CUKE6EN79

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300DP4B8GBFSIS498

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300WM9K4QR4728119

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300QQ67YECUJQIV31

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300H3ZIFKBS8OM753

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300WGIYVE2Q06DI23

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493001HTWNMRY88G266

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300J2QB9400TVPF89

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300UJWEUFNYXPJ620

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300XJIYZSQQTM4P24

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300SXJ56KBS30YC61

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300OR3HIQOY1HDN79

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300Q1ESJV14SYSD89

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493007O2IOVCCYWNO13

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300075U1XM2W13081

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300TY2AQI5S52Q793

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300JZ7D81IMV12W22

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300DBTIR4SFDOTT77

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300JNEJEOT4RBCD25

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

KHYMUMZ48MALDCII4O20

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300C24AZJIIZMBJ10

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300ZID9XS3HQTJ798

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300K1V1WOTCGNSI96

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300XZH1HPQA3SJB66

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493005L74LPK7WASP48

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493002E5C27S9QIND48

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300SZDEUMRFH4WJ75

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300Y8RL91P554K376

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

1R1X0F4Q5CGDAWHYEI15

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493004X2XUBNR6E1F54

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300BWIYN2ZB1X5S93

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493009RIHSE12DQ0J28

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300YM758RJSWM5M80

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300P2LL1SQQ2TIE90

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300T74UFBPXUAOS72

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300KB44MXRPJC6560

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300NDD1ODZ754K694

DUPLICATE

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300VT6BW57DD23U32

ISSUED

 BR

 ACTIVE

5493005N7N9ORZRGR598

LAPSED

 BR

 ACTIVE

549300MRE13YG3W0E267

ISSUED

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19