Germany

Germany (German: Deutschland German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, About this soundlisten (help·info)), is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres (137,988 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying entirely in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a very decentralized country. Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen. The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.

Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815. The German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights.

Country
Status
LEI
Reg. Status

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800P9EDB7HUVAVA30

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138006JUPL1ORFKUE60

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138002CBUY7IKTHJT97

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800GH59AFN3E53K53

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800KA3BDU87DBDO63

ANNULLED

 DE

 INACTIVE

529900IV4MFQFA5DUK75

RETIRED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800LK19ZSXCMF7261

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800GVIB6B56DLD107

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138007FI2HS5TV7H489

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800U7N975JGBEM441

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138004QFDO8VR6MMZ72

LAPSED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800VOJ3NXO91I7T79

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

2138006NZELBE8KKFX65

RETIRED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800PHW3O6V4A7ZJ17

LAPSED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800PZ4P4IDNM2VX09

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800P48DLJFEB5GJ96

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800NSLP3TDZYCII63

RETIRED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800E8JBGRM4VD6371

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800T2SUYEKJ18JC54

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138008ONY7V5EKIO190

LAPSED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800MQJAFUPLZXIM73

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800LFL51UXY395R27

MERGED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800UJZ1P4SCV89448

LAPSED

 DE

 INACTIVE

2138002S3HH9HT2HTE09

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800OK43YZCO6BJM37

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800IXM6IKOROME197

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800F9YTUQG7BPXB94

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800QE6683KA6Z4V36

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800SZ1FH67K4LMZ95

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

2138002CWZ58ANHGLT82

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800IYHMNTOZC7QO19

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800GEVPV7PNMETL08

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800DOSCNO1OIJRU70

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800L2BQH3KFKZYH60

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

2138006R1JPPCFBQS859

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800VTUYLHPNLUZC23

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800L17WPPAELRJO72

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800LZ9ZOBG9RE8M67

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800I6CPXS322VQX51

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800VJ5R8N7Y6CW853

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

21380091NKSVH36DYP07

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800ACIYRVMC8V4N87

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800YK48ENLIG18719

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800WCCLVZ814AQ866

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800X23J31CL3KMW21

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800USB9YHUCOKYD28

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

2138009UK8CEYYC6XW17

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

2138004WGFD1TTKNIC58

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800C5Y3YQEAI5VM55

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800XV3DPJVUQXWG81

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800B4LUMOAE86FV41

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

21380074CV4GANZ89M27

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800QBEM9I1BN4QY09

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800XBM4C87ESHCT03

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800B4XUT6DJ4P2C19

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800HJ6956CH1J4S74

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800DAXBGK5GG79188

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800RNC1K62NXAOA13

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800W5AMGXST1Z8L48

RETIRED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800KSK7UZRIP1J338

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800936BJ4D9B8K280

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800NQM3NUJVDJY426

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800SPQQPYKZ77OL39

LAPSED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800MAABVTPG4WQQ95

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

2138007KZ9LNDSNEW766

MERGED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138001CZ5FQ7DPU6834

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800R44DRPSZJ45T53

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

21380081X7KBKNFHLX33

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800KSZ53TTTKCZ348

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800ITJQ7LVP6XNX98

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800J299YPG8QEDP38

LAPSED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800YFKFYB9WTTNH10

RETIRED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800C5MQLN2K989D74

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138004M79KSA1YLU761

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800KL2BKS4DF53808

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138006C8ENHZ8FXN104

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138004CPXEE6NC1MF55

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138007MUH18KHF91X55

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800E1G7JATZG5NG84

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138005PUNQV7PME4Q04

LAPSED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800EUR6BWDORHBM79

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800VRIE3JNQKHV417

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800ZGK2SE5JYB1U45

MERGED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800RODFMOJLWW4M77

MERGED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800W12FGYTRUYTH55

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800DTFY6HVIYJ6262

RETIRED

 DE

 ACTIVE

5299005HS5S7VZ0XE722

LAPSED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800PGGLNFFD5PN309

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

21380088NY23VN3Q2H05

RETIRED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138007E9F5AQIPO6S14

LAPSED

 DE

 ACTIVE

213800UJMIEUQ6S2GA36

LAPSED

 DE

 INACTIVE

2138007CIZM6Q3A8CP21

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800MHA8BQRHH5UY91

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800ZOHA1D37JNU672

RETIRED

 DE

 INACTIVE

213800XC8P7G4A7PN521

MERGED

 DE

 INACTIVE

529900RFATUQ061HMH92

MERGED

 DE

 INACTIVE

529900DLJZLCBWFT0T52

MERGED

 DE

 INACTIVE

529900BBTBI3JSW0CB14

MERGED

 DE

 INACTIVE

529900RVBICJ2S1P2F21

MERGED

 DE

 ACTIVE

2138004OI8A11R39Q783

LAPSED

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191